Surface Anatomy of Lower Limb

(Ant.) Iliac crest 髂脊

Femur 股骨

Lateral condyle 外側髁

Quadriceps 股四頭肌

Vastus Lateralaus 股外側肌
Vastus Medialius 股內側肌
Rectus femoris 股直肌
Vastus intermedius 股中間肌

Patella 髕骨

Tibial plateau 脛骨平臺
Tibial tuberosity 脛骨結節
Shaft of Tibia 脛骨幹
Medial& Lateral Malleolius 踝關節內髁及外髁
ATFL Anterior Talo-fibular ligament 距腓前韌帶
CFL Calcaneo-fibulae ligament 跟腓韌帶
PTFL Posterior Talo-fibular ligament 距腓後韌帶
Deltoid ligament 三角韌帶
Navicular 舟狀骨
Calcaneus 跟骨
Tendo-Achilles Tendon 跟腱
Fibula head 腓骨頭
Patella tendon 髕骨肌腱

LCL Lateral Collateral ligament 外側副韌帶

MCL Medial Collateral ligament 內側副韌帶

Tuberous greater trochanter 大轉子

ITB Ilio-tibial band 髂脛束

TFL Tensor fascia lata 闊筋膜張肌

Gluteus 臀 (Post.)

Medius中肌

Minor 小肌

Ischial tuberosity 坐骨結節

Maxius 大肌

Hamstrings 膕繩肌

Semi membranous muscles& tendon 半膜肌及肌腱

Biceps femoris muscles& tendons 股二頭肌及其肌腱

Popliteual fossa 膕窩
Gastrocneumius- Lateral& medial head 腓腸肌-外側及內側頭
Soleus 比目魚肌

Semi tendinitious 半腱肌及肌腱

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